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The flag of Soviet Union

The Soviet Union (Сове́тский Сою́з), U.S.S.R., (СССР) or in full the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик), was a state which existed from 1922 to 1991, based around Marxist-Leninist ideology, a form of Communism. After WW2, the Soviet Union became known as a superpower, and led the Warsaw Pact, an alliance based in Eastern Europe of various Communist nations. They faced off against NATO, which included nations such as the USA, UK and much of Western Europe and this was known as the Cold War.

The USSR was a formidable force, being the second state to build nuclear weapons, which it did in large numbers, and was slso the first into space, beating the USA. After it collapsed, a power gap appeared in the 1990s (seen in Goldeneye etc).

Bond in the USSR (films)

One of the Goldeneye satellites, a piece of Soviet technology, lasting into the post-Soviet age

Bond visits the USSR on a number of occasions, and has frequent dealings with its agents and military men. Although he is frequently up against such people, not all of these encounters are hostile by any means. Sometimes Bond and more moderate elements in the USSR, such as General Gogol, have to ally to stop nuclear war and other horrors. SPECTRE often tries to move the power blocs against each other.

USSR vs Russia

The Soviet Union was formed from the Russian Empire after a violent revolution, and was often wrongly referred to as Russia in books and films. In reality, it was made up of a number of nations and countries, bound into a political union, in which Russia was the dominant force. Bond visits some of these in addition to Russia, and they appear in the films. For example, a tracking station in Kazakhstan is shown in Goldeneye.

In Tomorrow Never Dies for example, there is a reference to an arms fair on the "Russian border" with Turkey - however Russia itself has no border with Turkey, so it is presumably in Georgia or Azerbaijan.

Examples of non-Russian Soviet characters are Xenia Onatopp (Famke Janssen), who is of Georgian origin.

KGB, SMERSH etc

The main intelligence agency of the Soviet Union in its later days was the KGB. SMERSH is also originally a Soviet outfit, designed as a hands on counterintelligence agency, but it gains considerable autonomy from central government.

In the non-Eon Bond spoof, Casino Royale, Soviet troops may be seen bidding in an auction and also active in East Berlin. The SMERSH represented in this film is completely shorn of its Soviet roots.

See Also

External Links

Soviet Union on Wikipedia

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