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The Living Daylights (BW Small) (2) Short StoryFilmSoundtrackSongGameEquipmentCharactersReleases

"Stuff my orders! I only kill professionals. That girl didn't know one end of a rifle from the other. Go ahead. Tell M what you want. If he fires me, I'll thank him for it... Whoever she was, I must have scared the living daylights out of her."
James Bond to Saunders[src]

The Living Daylights is the fifteenth film in the James Bond film series produced by EON Productions, released in 1987, and was the first of two films to star Timothy Dalton as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It is also the first Bond film to have Caroline Bliss as Miss Moneypenny, replacing Lois Maxwell. The story was inspired by Ian Fleming's eponymous short story, first published in 1962. It was produced by Albert R. Broccoli, his stepson Michael G. Wilson, and Broccoli's daughter Barbara Broccoli. This was the last film to make use of an Ian Fleming story title until the release of Casino Royale in 2006.

Plot summary[]

Pre-title sequence: Gibraltar[]

In the prologue, three skydiving 00 Agents are tasked with penetrating radar installations atop the Rock of Gibraltar as part of a Ministry of Defence training exercise. 002 is captured almost immediately upon landing by the SAS, while 007 and 004 start scaling the cliffs. As they ascend, an assassin sends a tag reading Smert Shpionam down 004's climbing rope before cutting it, sending the spy to his death. Bond witnesses the incident and gives chase to the assassin, ending in an explosives-laden Land Rover careening down Gibraltar's narrow roads and then into the air. Bond escapes with his reserve parachute and lands on a yacht interrupting a lady while the assassin is killed when the Land Rover explodes in mid-air.

Rescuing Koskov[]

The early part of the film has much of the original short story's plot: Bond assists Saunders, head of Section V, in the defection to the West of a devious KGB General Georgi Koskov. Bond's part is to cover Koskov's intermission escape from a concert hall in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. He notices that the sniper protecting Koskov is a beautiful cellist from the orchestra, Kara Milovy. She isn't holding the rifle properly. Suspecting she is not actually an assassin, he shoots the rifle out of her hands, sparing her life, whilst facilitating Koskov's escape from the hall. Saunders berates him although Bond says he will accept to be sacked by M.

In England, General Koskov informs MI6 that the KGB is being run by power-hungry General Pushkin. According to Koskov, Pushkin has revived the old policy of Smert Shpionam — literally, Death to Spies (SMERSH), a programme of Western spy assassinations — and as such Pushkin needs to be eliminated. This story is credible given the recent murder of Bond's partner in the Gibraltar training exercise. Shortly afterwards the KGB, in person of the assassin Necros, raids the safe-house where British Intelligence hide Koskov. After murdering a chef, he engages in a brutal fight with an agent in the kitchen and after knocking him unconscious, lobs grenades disguised as milk bottles at two guards, knocking them out, and lobs a second at another agent on the stairs, killing him. After briefly holding a stenographer and holding Koskov hostage, he snatches Koskov back East using the disguise of a doctor’s outfit and a Red Cross helicopter.


For his mission to kill Pushkin at a trade conference in Tangier, Morocco, Q supplies Bond with a new Aston Martin and an electric key-finder able to both release stun gas or explode. Bond doubts the Smert Shpionam theory and begins suspecting that Koskov's defection and recapture were staged. He returns to Bratislava, posing to Kara Milovy as General Koskov's friend and discovers that Kara is in fact Koskov's girlfriend, who is observed by KGB. The pair flee to Vienna, Austria, in the weaponized Aston Martin, pursued by KGB and Czechoslovak Police (Veřejná bezpečnost or VB — Public Security). Bond, however, is forced to destroy the car, whereupon he and Milovy sled down a snow-covered hill in the Kara's cello case.

After the opera in Vienna Bond excuses himself from Milovy to meet Saunders in a café. Saunders has investigated Koskov's story and has discovered a tenuous link between him and a greedy arms dealer, "General" Brad Whitaker. Kara's Stradivarius cello, though bought by Koskov, was funded by him. The military enthusiast is merely a self-styled general, as he has been expelled from West Point for cheating, and has never served as a military officer. Whitaker has arranged to supply the KGB with Western high-technology weapons through Koskov, and the latter is attempting to deliver the down payment in diamonds. As Pushkin is investigating Koskov and cancels the arms deal with Whittaker, the pair wants him dead. Because Necros is known to the KGB, Koskov intends to deal with Pushkin by having the British kill him. Whitaker agrees but wants Necros to ensure that Pushkin is dead if Bond hasn't done so before the end of the conference.

As Saunders leaves the café he is killed by Necros, who detonates a bomb slamming the sliding door of the café onto Saunders. Necros leaves behind a balloon with the words Smert Shpionam on it, unaware that Bond already suspects the true motives behind the trail of clues lain for him. Bond returns to Milovy, and they immediately leave for Tangier, Morocco.


Bond confronts Pushkin, who says the KGB deactivated Smert Shpionam in 1967, and that they had nothing to do with the recent deaths of the British agents. Pushkin also reveals that Koskov is actually guilty of embezzling Soviet government funds. This confirms Bond's suspicions that a third party is behind the plot. Bond and Pushkin decide to let Koskov progress with his scheme by faking Pushkin's assassination as he speaks at the convention, just seconds before Necros, who had also infiltrated the convention, could kill Pushkin. Bond escapes from the police and is picked up by Felix Leiter, who is observing Pushkin in Tangier.

Meanwhile Milovy contacts Whitaker's home and Koskov convinces her that Bond is a KGB Agent looking to kill him. She assists in capturing Bond for him by drugging Bonds drink, causing him to faint out! She grasps too late that Koskov has fooled her and had intended her being killed in his defection. After being captured by Koskov, Bond and Milovy are flown to a Soviet air base in Afghanistan, at the height of Soviet occupation.


Imprisoned on arrival, they escape, helped by Bond's key-finder, and free a prisoner to be hanged the next day. The prisoner is Kamran Shah, leader of the local Mujahideen. Bond discovers that Whitaker and Koskov are paying diamonds for a large shipment of opium, which would turn a profit within days of distribution in the streets of the US, and so continue supplying the Soviets with arms.

The Mujahideen help Bond and Milovy infiltrate the air base. Bond plants a bomb in the back of the cargo airplane transporting the drugs, but Koskov recognises him. Bond hijacks the airplane, while the Mujahideen attack the airbase. Milovy, at the last minute, joins Bond in the airplane take off and assumes the controls while Bond leaves to defuse his bomb. Necros, however, has stowed away on board, and attacks Bond. Milovy accidentally opens the cargo door, and Bond and Necros are sucked out, on the cargo net holding the opium; Necros and Bond fight. Necros is left hanging from Bond's boot. Bond cuts his bootlaces, dropping Necros to his death.

Bond manages to find the bomb amidst a slew of bags and defuses it with just two seconds left on the fuse. Milovy flies over Kamran Shah's Mujahideen, who are being pursued by Soviet soldiers across a bridge. Bond reactivates the bomb and drops it onto the bridge, killing the Soviets, helping the Mujahideen win their battle. However, soon after their gunfire-punctured fuel tanks deplete, and as there is no place to land Bond and Milovy use the release chute on the jeep to extract themselves as the airplane crashes in Pakistani territory.


With Leiter's help Bond infiltrates Whitaker's residence, and pops in as "General" Whitaker is playing a battle in his terms. When Bond tells him that the opium is burned, Whitaker is determined to kill him. He takes out a heavy assault rifle with a shield. When Bond uses up all of his bullets, Whitaker makes a glib remark: "Well, you've had your 8, now I'll have my 80!", taunting Bond with remarks about new technology with weapons while hunting him through his amory.

Bond's key-finder saves him again, when he uses the plastic explosive to topple a bust of Wellington onto Whitaker, killing him. The KGB save Bond's life when agents, led by General Pushkin, burst in and kill the Whitaker guard who had cornered Bond. General Koskov is found by KGB agents, and, while not killed, he is to be flown back to Moscow "in the diplomatic bag", by Pushkin's order.

In London, Milovy performs with an orchestra with M, now-diplomat General Gogol and General Pushkin attending. M reveals that Gogol has persuaded the Soviet government to allow her to perform in both the Soviet Union and in Great Britain. Kamran Shah and his men arrive but miss most of the performance. Milovy introduces Shah and his men to Gogol and the Russians before retiring to her dressing room. Bond then surprises her there and the two share a kiss.

Cast & characters[]



Sam Neill screen-test for The Living Daylights

Actor Sam Neill in his screen-test for the role of James Bond.

Timothy Dalton had originally been considered for the role of James Bond as a replacement for Sean Connery, but had ruled himself out as being too young. He had been considered again when Roger Moore decided to leave the role prior to For Your Eyes Only, and was apparently all but signed to portray the character when Moore changed his mind at the last moment.

Both Sam Neill and Pierce Brosnan were screen-tested for the role of James Bond in The Living Daylights. Brosnan was successfully signed for the role, but his contract to the television programme Remington Steele forced him to withdraw; he would wait seven years for his second chance, in GoldenEye.

Maryam d'Abo, however, earned her Kara Milovy role with her screen test with Brosnan; she was not in the running for a role in the film, but had been hired to act opposite the 007 contenders; impressed, the producers gave her the part.

Bond carpet

A scene with Bond flying on a magic carpet was cut from the final film.

Originally, the KGB general set up by General Koskov was to be General Gogol, however, actor Walter Gotell was ill, unable to handle the major role; the character of Leonid Pushkin replaced Gogol, who appears briefly at the end of the film, having transferred to the Soviet diplomatic service. This is Gogol's final appearance in a James Bond film (Gotell died in 1997). The similarity between Pushkin and Gogol is emphasized by the fact that Pushkin is seen accompanied by a beautiful blonde, much as Gogol was in his early appearances.

The cargo plane sequence was originally planned to be ended with Bond and Kara flying over the ocean and being intercepted by two US Navy F-4 Phantoms.

Vehicles & gadgets[]

12975 original

Teaser poster.

Main articles: List of James Bond vehicles and List of James Bond gadgets

  • Aston Martin V8 Vantage Volante — Equipped with the usual weapons, including side skis, spiked tires, missiles, lasers, rocket propulsion, a self-destruct device and a modified radio to tune in to police/military bands.
  • Keychain — Bond's keychain, designed by Q-Branch, also is an explosive triggered by a wolf whistle. It also could deploy stun gas (when the user whistles "Rule Britannia"), and contains lockpicks capable of opening 90% of the world's locks.
  • Ghetto Blaster — Never used by James Bond; it is seen tested in Q-Branch for American allies. The ghetto blaster is an '80s–style rocket-firing, stereophonic, cassette tapedeck.
  • Scouring Pig — Used to initially to clean and check the natural gas pipeline from USSR to West Europe. It's converted here specially to smuggle a man out of the Eastern bloc, with Koskov being the first.
  • Harrier — This V/STOL aircraft evacuates Koskov after his defection to the west.


Film locations[]

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Shooting locations[]

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  • The Living Daylights marks the first time a headbutt is used in a James Bond movie, as well as the first use of a variation of the word "fuck" on-screen (by Timothy Dalton, although he is not audible at the time).
  • Richard Maibaum and Michael G. Wilson wrote a first draft of a script portraying James Bond's first field mission; Cubby Broccoli rejected the idea.
  • This is the final James Bond film to be scored by John Barry.
  • The first Bond film to star Timothy Dalton as James Bond and Caroline Bliss as Miss Moneypenny.
  • Joe Don Baker would reappear in GoldenEye and Tomorrow Never Dies, as a different character, Jack Wade, Bond's CIA liaison and replacement for Felix Leiter.
  • This is the final James Bond film with a main storyline set during and completely related to the Cold War. In the 17th film, GoldenEye, the Cold War only provided the background of the pre-title sequence, while the remainder of the story is set years after the fall of the Soviet Union.
  • The title is taken from the posthumous Ian Fleming-penned collection of short stories Octopussy and the Living Daylights, although it only adapt one of its short stories, "The Living Daylights" into Koskov's pipeline-smuggling defection scene. The title of the original Fleming work is also used for the 13th Bond film, Octopussy, released 4 years prior to The Living Daylights with Roger Moore still playing Bond back then, and the storyline contains elements adapted from 2 of the short stories, "Octopussy" and "The Property of a Lady". Despite both films having the title taken from the short stories collection, Octopussy and The Living Daylights have no relations to each other in matters of plotlines or continuities, though they have notable similarities:
    • Both have Afghanistan as pivotal part of the storyline's element. One of Octopussy's main villains, Kamal Khan, is a secluded Afghan nobleman. The Living Daylights features Soviet troops attempting to invade Afghanistan with Western weapons, only to be foiled by James Bond with the aid of Kara Milovy and the local Mujahideen led by Kamran Shah.
    • Both feature a 00 agent being killed by an associate of the main enemy. In Octopussy, a 009 is stabbed from distance by knife-throwing criminals Mischka and Grischka. In The Living Daylights, a 004 falls from a great height while he attempts to climb the rocks of Gibraltar, only for a fake 00 to pass the note Smert Shpionam and cut off the rope used for the climbing. Bond later kills these assassins in the following retaliation.
    • Both feature General Gogol in separate positions. During Octopussy, Gogol was still a then-incumbent KGB superior. In The Living Daylights, his position was succeeded by General Leonid Pushkin, and Gogol himself was transferred to the Soviet Diplomatic Service who then granted Kara Milovy a visa for international tours and future trips.
    • Both films have two main villains working together with heavy weaponries and large-scale invasions as their core motives, with one of them being a rogue Soviet military officer who was eventually cornered by his superior. In Octopussy, Kamal Khan conspires with a renegade Russian Army officer General Orlov to detonate an atomic bomb in U.S. Air Base Feldstadt, West Germany, allowing Soviet troops to seize the entire Western bloc. In The Living Daylights, General Koskov embezzles Soviet funds to purchase large supply of state-of-the-art weaponries from illegal arms dealer Brad Whitaker, where the weapons would be used to ease the ongoing Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
    • Both films were directed by John Glen and scored by John Barry, with The Living Daylights being Barry's last work in a Bond film and the only time he cameoed in such film (uncredited, as a Viennese orchestra conductor).
    • Both films feature scenes where James Bond checks into a luxurious hotel which was previously a royal palace. (Shiv Niwas in Octopussy and Palais Schwarzenberg in The Living Daylights).
    • Both films feature scenes where Q sees Bond's main opponents himself. During the raid at Monsoon Palace towards the ending of Octopussy, Bond and Q sees Kamal Khan abducts Octopussy with Bond following from behind after dropping at Khan's study. The Living Daylights marks the first time Q directly interacts with the main villain, welcoming Koskov and aiding him to board a British aircraft after the latter entering Austria by way of pipeline smuggling during the latter's "defection".
    • Both films are succeeded with 2 years-gap followups with the word "kill" in the titles. Octopussy is followed by A View to a Kill, and The Living Daylights is followed by Licence to Kill.
    • Both films featured relatively small roles played by Peter Porteous. He played a Russian jewellery forger in league with Orlov in Octopussy and later a Czech pipeline gasworks supervisor whom Bond's ally Rosika Miklos tricks into making love while Koskov's "defection" is being set into motion in The Living Daylights. Porteous has no speaking lines in the latter film.
    • In both films, each of the main adversaries are defeated in separate occurrences from Bond's success in preventing execution of their master plans. At the climax of Octopussy, in a day or two after disarming the atomic bomb planted by General Orlov (who has been shot dead by East German border guards and cornered by KGB superior General Gogol before Octopussy's circus arrival at Feldstadt) and Kamal Khan inside Octopussy's circus, Bond follows Octopussy and her cult back to India in pursuit of Khan and his personal aide Gobinda who then abduct Octopussy and attempt to flee the country, only to be stopped mid-air by Bond with Gobinda fell off the plane from extreme heights after a melee with Bond, Octopussy being rescued by Bond after the latter jams Khan's plane engines, and Khan killed in the ensuing crash due to the engine's damage. During The Living Daylights final battle, that might occurred several hours or days after Bond's foiling of opium shipment to Whitaker and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Bond defeats Whitaker by activating an explosive inside a magnetized keychain attached into a bust of the Duke of Wellington, which then crushed on the weapons dealer, killing him. General Pushkin apprehends Koskov and his remaining accomplices in the same spot soon afterwards, intending to bring him back to Moscow "in a diplomatic bag".
    • Both films have blonde Bond Girls: Magda in Octopussy and Kara Milovy in The Living Daylights.
    • James Bond defeats the main villains' primary henchmen in both films, with the fight being set mid-air on the plane that would be crashed in a desert right after Bond and his girl escape on time. In Octopussy, while dangling on Kamal Khan's plane to kill Bond with his knife, Gobinda plunges to his death after Bond snapped the plane's antenna into his nose, causing Gobinda to lose balance and slips off the plane, meeting his demise. In The Living Daylights, the fight between Bond and Necros culminates with both dangling on a cargo net that expands outside of the Hercules carrying the opium after the back door is accidentally opened. Necros then slips down but then he firmly grips on Bond's boots to avoid falling down. Eventually, as a token of vengeance to Necros who had killed MI6 Vienna head operative Saunders, Bond cuts off his boot's lace, sending Necros to death.
  • A-ha's lead vocalist, Morten Harket was offered a small role as a villain's henchman in The Living Daylights, but declined, because of lack of time and the reasoning that they wanted to cast him just because of his popularity, not his acting. Instead, a-ha sang the title song for The Living Daylights.
  • In a cameo role, series composer John Barry conducts the orchestra in Vienna at the end of the film. Producer Michael G. Wilson also continues his string of Bond film cameo appearances; he can be seen as a member of the opera house audience.
  • The then-Prince and Princess of Wales visited the film's set during several occasions, with one particular moment being the members of the Royal Family tested one of the props, which was a fake glass bottle made out of sugar during a visit to the set of Brad Whitaker's Tangier mansion.
  • The use of the Russian phrase "Smert Shpionam" ("Death to Spies") is a reference to SMERSH, the Russian spy agency James Bond combated in the early Ian Fleming novels. It was mentioned in only one previous Bond film, From Russia with Love.
  • The Living Daylights is the first Bond film since Moonraker to not have its title announced in the end credits of the previous film, nor has any Bond film since had its title announced in the end credits of the previous film.
  • It was the first film in 14 years to feature Felix Leiter who had not been seen since Live and Let Die.
  • The actors who portrayed Pushkin and Rubavitch have starred in science fiction television series after the film's release - John Rhys-Davies in Sliders and Virginia Hey in Farscape. Both actors appeared in 1980s-era blockbuster film franchises (Rhys-Davies in the Indiana Jones series and Hey in Mad Max 2).
  • This film is noted for Virginia Hey appearing partially nude in a Bond film outside the opening credits (images of nudity have been used in a majority of the Maurice Binder designed title sequences).
  • This is the second time we see M in his Royal Navy uniform; the first time was in You Only Live Twice when he wore the Royal Navy whites with the old insignia board.
  • This was the last film of the series ever to be rated PG by the MPAA in North America. The following ones beginning with the next movie License to Kill are rated PG-13.
  • The Living Daylights is the first Bond film without any actors who appeared in the original James Bond film Dr. No, following Lois Maxwell's departure from the role of Miss Moneypenny.



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